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Frequently Asked Questions about Cardiology

How does a human heart function?

A) A normal human heart beats 70 to 80 times in 1 minute which means 1,00,000 times a day. The heart has 4 chambers- two upper chamber and two lower chambers known as Atria and Ventricles respectively. The right atrium of the heart gets de-oxygenated blood flow which in turn flows through the pulmonary valve into the pulmonary artery into the lungs. The de-oxygenated blood gets purified in the lungs and flows back through the same route to the rest of the body. The blood vessels which fed heart are known as coronary arteries.

What is High Blood Pressure and what are its treatments?

A) The stiffness occurred in the very small arteries led to High Blood Pressure. Low salt diet, stress management, regular exercise and weight control are the measures that can control High Blood Pressure. If your BP is not controlled by these measures, doctor may prescribe you with necessary medications.

What is a heart attack?

A) A heart attack is a condition which occurs when the supply of blood and oxygen to a particular area of the muscle gets disrupted. This blockage is the leading cause of arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat) that cause a fatal decline in the pumping function of the heart.


What are the Symptoms of Heart attack?

The most common symptoms that occur in the case of heart attack include chest pain, palpitations, breathlessness, pain in the armpits, chest pain and cyanosis.

What is Cholesterol?

It is a type of fat substance produced in a human liver. There are two types of this fat- saturated and unsaturated. Butter, Ghee, red meat and coconut oil contain unsaturated fat which is harmful for the body.

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