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Inflammatory Bowel Disease India

About Inflammatory Bowel Disease ?

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are the principal types of inflammatory bowel disease. It is important to note that not only does Crohn's disease affect the small intestine and large intestine, it can also affect the mouth, esophagus, stomach and the anus whereas ulcerative colitis primarily affects the colon and the rectum.

Inflammatory bowel diseases resulted in 51,000 deaths in 2013 and 55,000 deaths in 1990.

Classification

The chief types of inflammatory bowel disease are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (UC). Inflammatory bowel diseases fall into the class of autoimmune diseases, in which the body's own immune system attacks elements of the digestive system.

  • Collagenous colitis
  • Lymphocytic colitis
  • Lymphocytic colitis
  • Beh├žet's disease.
  • Indeterminate colitis
  • The way doctors can tell the difference between Crohn's disease and UC is the location and nature of the inflammatory changes. Crohn's can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from mouth to anus (skip lesions), although a majority of the cases start in the terminal ileum. Ulcerative colitis, in contrast, is restricted to the colon and the rectum.

    Inflammatory

    Gallstones

    In spite of Crohn's and UC being very different diseases, both may present with any of the following symptoms:

  • abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, severe internal cramps/muscle spasms in the region of the pelvis and weight loss. Anemia is the most prevalent extraintestinal complication of inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Associated complaints or diseases include arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, primary sclerosing cholangitis, and non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS).
  • Associations with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) have also been reported.
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