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Medical Oncology in India

Medical Oncology Cancer ?

The first ever non-invasive frameless stereotactic radiosurgery system that is specifically designed for treating tumors located at different parts of the body such as spine, prostate, pancreas, liver, brain and lungs, is known as Cyberknife. This system eliminates the requirement of the invasive frame for intracranial lesions. The radiation beams delivered by a Cyberknife system can be given from any angle and are concentrated on the tumor that also causes minimum damage to nearby healthy organs and significant structures such as the optic nerve or spinal cord.

What is image-guided stereotactic radiosurgery?

LINAC or a linear accelerator is a radiosurgery device that produces the radiation mounted on a robotic arm. The position of a tumor is located by Cyberknife using image guided cameras. The robotic arm is then attached to the LINAC for delivering numerous radiation beams that also minimizes the damage to nearby normal tissues. Cyberknife makes use of sub-milliliter accuracy for treating cancers of the body, vascular abnormality, functional disorders and tumors.

Is Cyberknife Procedure Safe?

Cyberknife is not like a traditional surgery that offers numerous problems. Also, there is anesthesia or no anesthesia after effects. There is minimum risk of hemorrhaging and infection. The Cyberknife does not cause any damage to healthy tissue nearby the targeted area and plus it provides accurate precision inside sub-millimeter distances. The successful Cyberknife treatment has been received by more than 10,000 people in the world. There is no report of any morbidity or mortality that is directly related with Cyberknife procedure.

Medical Oncology


Devices are being tested (one involved a preliminary, small study of 98 samples of urine, all from men—24 who had cancer, and 74 with bladder-related problems but no cancer yet) in which the heating of urine samples causes chemicals in the urine to release certain gases, and are detected by the device, presumably because of irregularities in the chemicals and gases. The researchers became interested in such a method after hearing that dogs could be trained to detect cancer-related odors.

Instillations of chemotherapy, such as valrubicin (Valstar) into the bladder, can also be used to treat BCG-refractory CIS disease when cystectomy is not an option.

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