Human Organs Transplant Laws in India
The term organ transplant refers to the transplantation of an organ from one body to another. The person who receives the organ is the recipient and one who gives is called the donor. This procedure is undertaken for the replacement of the damaged organ in the body of the recipient with the working organ from the body of the donor. The organ donor can be a deceased or alive.
According to Organ Transplant Laws, no money exchange between the donor and the recipient was allowed. According to the 1994 Act, the unrelated donor had to file an affidavit in the court of a magistrate stating that the organ is being donated out of affection. Later, the donor had to undergo a few tests before the transplant. The Authorization Committee checked all the supplied documents.
The Government passed an act in 1994 to rationalize organ donations and transplants in the country. The main aims of the act:
Regulating removal, storage and transplantation of human organs for therapeutic purposes.
Accepting brain death and making it possible to use these patients as potential organ donors.
Preventing commercial dealings of organs.
After this deal, the concept of brain death was legalized for the first time in India.